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# NumPy upper() function

In this tutorial, we will cover `upper()` function of the char module in the Numpy library.

The `upper()` function is used to convert all lowercase characters of a string to uppercase. If there is no lowercase characters in the given string then this function will return the original string.

• This function usually calls `str.upper` on all the elements of the array.

• This function is locale-dependent for an 8-bit string.

### Syntax of `numpy.char.upper()`:

The syntax required to use this function is as follows:

``numpy.char.upper(arr)``

The above syntax indicates that `upper()` function takes two parameters.

In the above syntax, the argument `arr` is mainly used to indicate the input array of the string on which this method will be applied.

Returned Values:

This function will return an uppercased string corresponding to the original string.

## Example 1: With a string

In the code snippet below, we will use `upper()` function on a simple string:

``````import numpy as np

a = "this is a string in numPy"
print("The original string:")
print(a)
print("\n")
print("Applying upper() method :")

x = np.char.upper(a)
print(x)``````

The original string:
this is a string in numPy

Applying upper() method :
THIS IS A STRING IN NUMPY

## Example 2:

Below we have a code snippet where we will use a string that is already in uppercase, then check the output for the same:

``````import numpy as np
a="THIS IS AN UPPERCASE STRING"
print("The original string:")
print(a)
print("\n")
print("Applying upper() method :")
x=np.char.upper(a)
print(x)``````

The original string:
THIS IS AN UPPERCASE STRING

Applying upper() method :
THIS IS AN UPPERCASE STRING

## Example 3: With array of strings

Just like the above two examples, if we create an array of strings and then use this function with the array, it will convert all the string elements to upper case.

``````import numpy as np

arr = np.array(['what aRE YOUR', 'plans for Tonight', 'will you','study tonight'])
print ("The original Input array : \n", arr)

output = np.char.upper(arr)
print ("The output array: ", output)``````

The original Input array :
['what aRE YOUR' 'plans for Tonight' 'will you' 'study tonight']
The output array: ['WHAT ARE YOUR' 'PLANS FOR TONIGHT' 'WILL YOU' 'STUDY TONIGHT']

## Summary

In this tutorial we covered the `upper()` function in the Numpy library. We covered how it is used with its syntax and values returned by this function along with multiple code examples.